Check out these 10 Interesting Facts about the Ming Dynasty. How many of these do you already know?
1. The Ming Dynasty ruled ancient China from 1368 to 1644. After this dynasty collapsed, the Qing Dynasty replaced it.
2. Before the Ming Dynasty was established, the ancient China was ruled by the Yuan Dynasty (which was set up by the Mongols who had conquered China about 100 years earlier). Many Chinese people did not like the Mongols, and there was a peasant uprising led by Zhu Yuanzhang. He and his people took over the Yuan Dynasty. Then, Zhu Yuanzhang established Ming Dynasty and called himself Emperor Hongwu.
3. During the Ming Dynasty, the Great Wall of China was almost completely rebuilt by the Ming Dynasty (although it was built by earlier dynasties). Most of the wall that stands today was completed by the Ming Dynasty.
4. The Great Canal, the longest canal in the world, was rebuilt during this time period. This canal was important because it improved trade and helped the economy flourish.
5. During the Ming Dynasty, Chinese people had to pass examinations if they wanted to get jobs in the government. The teaching of Confucius was one of the most important subjects to study before the examinations.
6. The Chinese began the construction of the Forbidden City in Beijing, the capital city of China. Before the construction, the capital of China was Nanjing. The Forbidden City was owned by the emperor, and it has at least 1000 buildings, which covers 185 acres of land. The Forbidden City served as the imperial palace and the center of Chinese government.
7. During the Ming Dynasty, art flourished. This included literature, painting, music, poetry, and porcelain. The Ming Dynasty is also famous for its unique and beautiful blue and white porcelain vases.
8. During the Ming Dynasty, three of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature were written. These were the Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Outlaws of the Marsh, and Journey to the West.
9. The dynasty’s greatest admiral and navigator, Zhenghe visited many lands with the Chinese navy. He visited Southeast Asia, the Middle East, and parts of Africa for Emperor Chengzu.
10. The Ming Dynasty ended when peasant rebels captured the capital city, Beijing. The Ming emperor was found hanging on a tree outside the Forbidden City. The Manchus marked the end of the Ming Dynasty. The Ming dynasty was followed by the Qing (Manchu) Dynasty. Learn about A Basic Timeline for China – Chinese History and Dynasties