Check out these 10 Interesting Facts about the Qing Dynasty. How many of these do you already know?
1. The Manchu people from the North invaded China and stormed Beijing. The Manchu leaders took over the ruling of China, and they set up a new dynasty called the Qing Dynasty. The Qing Dynasty is also known as the Manchu Dynasty (1644-1912).
2. The Qing Dynasty was actually the last Dynasty in the Chinese history and in the world, and the word Qing in Chinese literally means pure and clear.
3. The Manchu emperors were not popular in China because they were not Han Chinese, and the majority of Chinese people were Han (Learn more about the Chinese Ethnic Groups). Manchu emperors were not popular also because they were descendants from horsemen from Northern China.
4. The Manchus were not Han Chinese and they were strongly resisted, especially in the southern part of China. They worked hard to work with other ethnic groups by retaining many institutions of Ming, an earlier Chinese derivation, such as continuing the Confucian court practices and temple rituals.
5. The Qing Dynasty ruled China for over 300 years, and it lasted for so long because there were many great emperors. All of them worked really hard to make the Qing Dynasty a better place for all people to live.
6. The early years of Qing were a period of peace and prosperity. At the same time, the arts flourished. The emperors collected art works such painting, calligraphy, and ancient bronze vessels.
7. In Qing Dynasty, Confucianism was the dominant and official sanctioned religion. Buddhism and Taoism (is also known as Daoism) were also permitted official recognition.
8. The Qing Dynasty was doing well until the 20th century even though the administration faced different and numerous problems. The sudden death of Emperor Guangxu and Express Cixi left the Qing Dynasty’s central authority weak and vulnerable in 1908. In October 1911, a revolution called The WuChang Uprising succeeded in overthrowing the government and led to the establishment of the Republic of China.
9. The Qing Dynasty had a larger territory than any early Chinese dynasty because Qing emperors used their military forces to take over so much land. By the time the Qing Dynasty was over, it had already taken over most of China and it was nearly doubled China’s size.
10. The end of the Qing Dynasty was the beginning of the Republic of China.