Chinese calendar, lunar calendar (technically it is called lunisolar calendar) is used to determine dates of traditional festivals (such as Chinese New Year), auspicious dates for important activities (such as wedding and opening a new business), and agriculture dates (such as when to plough, plant, and harvest).
The Chinese calendar is formed on the movement of the moon. In other words, the Chinese calendar is based on the observations of the longitude of the sun and the phases of the moon. The day begins at midnight, and it ends at midnight for the next day. The month begins on the day with dark moon, and it ends on the day before the next dark moon. Also, the year begins on the day with the dark moon, and it ends on the day before the next dark moon.
The lunar calendar is widely used in Chinese people’s daily life. It has links with the four seasons, solar terms (a calendar of twenty-four periods and climate to indicate different seasons, the changes of weather, and some natural phenomena), five elements (metal, wood, water, fire, and earth), and Chinese Zodiac (each of the 12 symbolic animal represents a year on a 12-year cycle).
The Chinese calendar is not the official calendar in China, but it plays an important role. Although the People’s Republic of China uses the Gregorian calendar (or the Western calendar) in common with the world for civil and business affairs, the traditional Chinese calendar (the lunar calendar) is used for determining important activities, Chinese astrology and Chinese festivals.
Traditional Chinese Festivals
The traditional Chinese festivals are calculated based on the lunar calendar, and these festivals include Chinese New Year (Spring Festival), Lantern Festival, QingMing Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, Double Seventh Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival, ChongYang Festival, and Winter Solstice. Learn more about Traditional Chinese Festivals