Most of the Chinese social values derive from Confucian philosophy, and it has dominated the Chinese way of life for more than 2,000 years. Chinese society was based on the Confucian code of behavior, meaning that a deal person showed the characteristics of loyalty, honesty, courtesy, courageousness, and wisdom. According to the Four Books and Five Classics (five pre-Qin Chinese books that form part of the traditional Confucian canon), Confucian philosophy played an important role in the formation of Chinese people’s moral ethics by which many Chinese people lived and the formation of their teaching methods.
Who is Confucius?
Confucius was a Chinese scholar, teacher, and philosopher who lived from 551 to 479 B.C. in Qufu City, Shangdong Province. He was born on September 8th, 511 BC.
The Imperial China’s History
Confucianism was the core and official philosophy in the imperial China’s history. Confucius’s thoughts received official sanction, and the mastery of Confucian texts was the primary criterion for entering the imperial bureaucracy.
Loyalty to Family and Country
Chinese people valued the important of family, and people needed to be loyal to their families. Children were taught to obey their parents, and every one was expected to respect the elderly to achieve harmony. Also, people were expected to be loyal to the country and obey its rules.
Confucian philosophy has worldwide influence. In recent years, many Confucius Institutes have been established in many countries (such as the United States and United Kingdom) to spread Chinese culture and teach the Chinese language.